A fabric woven from silk threads. The silk floss is spun using fingertips, and the resulting threads are dyed and woven into a simple yet distinctive fabric. Tsumugi kimonos are usually seen as casual wear, but they can also be worn as fashionable street wear. A ebamoyou (single patterned) houmongi made from tsumugi can be used in informal occasions such as parties.
There are many places in the country known for tsumugi production, and the handmade products are known as high quality fabric. The fabric is simple and the color and patterns are plain, but they can be worn simply.
Oshima tsumugi is produced in Amami Island in Kagoshima. The threads are dyed using a plant dye called Techiki as well as muddy water, and woven into a plain weave. Yuki tsumugi is known for its detailed tortoise-shell dye pattern. Other tsumugi fabrics include the Nagai tsumugi from Yamagata with its traditional large kasuri pattern and the Yonezawa tsumugi known for its detailed kasuri pattern.
In Hachijojima in the Izu Islands, there are woven fabric dyed using kariyasu (a plant dye) into Kihachijo (yellow pongee) not only in yellow, but also reddish-brown, black and white. Other well-known tsumugi fabrics are Shinshu tsumugi, Kuji tsumugi from Gifu, Ushikubi tsumugi from Ishikawa, Tokamachi tsumugi from Niigata, Echigo tsumugi, Muikamachi tsumugi, Ayanote tsumugi from Miyazaki, and Kumejima tsumugi and Shuri tsumugi from Okinawa.